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Species: Diplectrum bivittatum, Dwarf sand perch

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eye large
back- short double bars over dark stripes
cheek: blue lines, operculum: internal dark mark
preopercular spur pointed, 1 spine cluster
pectoral 14-16
LL 61-63

Diplectrum bivittatum (Valenciennes, 1828)

Dwarf sand perch

Body elongate, moderately compressed; eye large; rear of top jaw exposed when mouth closed; teeth fixed, not depressible; angle of preopercle with a pointed bony spur supporting 1 cluster of radiating spines; dorsal fairly low, X spines, 11-13 rays; anal fin III, 6-8; pectoral 14-16; pelvics inserted under or a little before pectorals; tail fin moderately forked, top lobe with a filament; lateral line complete; scales moderately small, rough; snout and between eyes scaleless; 61-63 lateral scales; 8 rows of scales between eye and lower corner of preoperculum.

Pale brown; body with series of short, irregular double dark bars overlaying 2 dark stripes above midside; dark mark visible through upper corner of operculum; blue lines on cheek & under eye. Young with 2 broad dark stripes (1 from opercle to base of tail fin, the other above that), each ending in a dark blue- or white-edged spot.

Reaches 25 cm

Sand and mud bottoms, often near reefs.

Depth range: 2-140 m, usually 15-80 m.

Florida to Brazil.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Soft bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Island (s)
  • Continent
  • GC non-endemic
  • Also in Brazil
  • Extends South of GC
  • Continent + Island (s)
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Depth Range Max
  • 140
Depth Range Min
  • 2
Length Max
  • 25