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Species: Centropomus parallelus, Smallscale fat snook

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

snout not upturned
lower gill rakers 8-12
pectoral 14-17, fin =/> pelvic
A III,6, 2nd spine curved back, ~reaches C base, >3rd when erect
scales: 79-92 laterals, LL to A origin 13-18, D2 to LL 9-16

Centropomus parallelus Poey, 1860

Smallscale fat snook

Body oblong, compressed, deep; upper head profile straight to slightly concave; mouth large and protractile, lower jaw protruding; teeth small, in bands; margin of preopercle serrated; gill rakers 21-25, lower rakers 8-12;  dorsal rays VIII + I, 9 (rarely 8 or 10), 3rd spine > 4th; anal fin short, III strong spines, 6-7 (usually 6), second spine very stout, curved, longer than third spine when erect, about reaching to level of tail fin base when depressed;  pectoral soft rays 14-17, fin about as long as pelvic; pelvics insert a little behind pectoral base, with I strong spine and 5 rays; tips of pelvic fins reach to or past anus in all but largest fish; scales large, rough, lateral scales (immediately above lateral line) 79-92; 9-16 between lateral line and 2nd dorsal fin origin, 13-18 between lateral line and anal fin origin; lateral line extends to the end of the forked tail fin.

Overall yellow-brown to greenish-brown above, silvery below; dark lateral line; fins dusky.

Size: to 63 cm.

Inhabits bays, estuaries, entering freshwater; prefers low salinity to freshwater over marine conditions.

Depth: 0-15 m.

Florida to southern Brazil.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Brackish
  • Freshwater
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Mid Water
  • Bottom + water column
  • Bottom
  • Near Bottom
Habitat
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Estuary
  • Freshwater
  • Beach
  • Mangrove
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Bony fishes
  • Data
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • GC non-endemic
  • Also in Brazil
  • Extends South of GC
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Island (s)
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 63
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 15