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Species: Peristedion miniatum, Boarhead armored searobin

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

head broad; rim wide, undulating, ends in wide wing
rostral plates v short
barbels: lip - 1 v long filament + 2, slender, chin - 8-9 in 4-5 clusters (each with 1 large)
nostrils: strong curved spines
pectoral: dark upper base, outer 2/3 black
C: base dark bar, top 1/2 outer 1/3 black

Peristedion miniatum Goode, 1880

Boarhead armored searobin

Head and body flattened below, body completely covered in a heavy armor of 4 rows of bony spiny scales; body low and moderately broad; head short, extremely wide, depressed; snout plates very short (length usually <eye), moderately broad, not diverging; base of snout plates and nostrils with strong, curved spines; bony rim around side of head wide, undulating,  ends in a wide angular wing behind head; barbels: 2 slender, separate lower lip barbels; 8-9 chin barbells on each side arranged in 4-5 clusters (usually 3,2,2,1), front cluster with 1 large + 2 small barbells, other clusters with 1 large + 1 small, last cluster with only 1 large barbell; filamentous lower jaw barbell very long (21-31% of SL); dorsal fin divided into separate spiny and soft parts, VII-VIII + 17-18; anal fin without spines, 17-19; pectoral fin 11-13 + 2 free rays, fin short; pelvic fins wide apart, below base of pectorals, I, 5 rays.

Head, body and fins orange-red, indistinct dark bars across upper back; reddish black borders to dorsal fins; pectoral fin with a diffuse dark bar across the upper half of its base, outer 2/3 black; tail fin with upper half of outer 1/3  black, base of fin with a dark bar.

Reaches 35 cm.

Lives on sand/mud bottoms.

Depth range: 64-914 m.

Canada to Brazil.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Soft bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Carnivore
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent only
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Continent
  • Also in Brazil
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Temperate (>35N)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Depth Range Max
  • 914
Depth Range Min
  • 64
Length Max
  • 35