Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Prionotus stearnsi, Shortwing searobin

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D1 no spot
mouth opens at front, lower jaw projecting, chin with bony knob
pectoral round, v short, black

Prionotus stearnsi Jordan & Swain, 1885

Shortwing searobin

Snout long, straight; no cirri over nostrils or eyes; mouth opens at front, lower jaw projects, with a small bony knob on center of chin; eye not large; spine on preoperculum short, at most reaching to edge of operculum; dorsal rays X, 12; anal rays 10; pectoral fins rounded, 13-14 joined rays, short, not reaching past origin of anal fin, with 3 enlarged, free rays at bottom of fin; body scaled; membrane above opercular spine with scales; nape with scales.

Upper body silvery-black, whitish below; fins dark, dorsal fins with yellow-brown outer edges; pectoral fin black, pelvic white; tail fin whitish, with rear edge of upper lobe yellow, that of lower lobe brown.

Size: reaches 18 cm.

Habitat: mud-sand bottoms.

Depth: 11-710 m, usually 37-110 m.

N Carolina to French Guiana.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Extends North of GC
  • Continent only
  • Extends South of GC
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Continent
  • GC non-endemic
  • Also in Brazil
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 18
Depth Range Min
  • 11
Depth Range Max
  • 710