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Species: Prionotus punctatus, Bluewing searobin

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pectoral: rounded, to center A base, upper free ray to pelvic tip, dark + lower edge blue

Prionotus punctatus (Bloch, 1793)

Bluewing searobin

Head short deep, robust; no cirri over nostrils or eyes; snout short; mouth large, reaches under front edge of eye, opens slightly under snout, lower jaw not projecting; dorsal rays X, 12; anal rays 10; pectoral fin with rounded rear edge, 13-14 joined rays, reaches ~1/2 way along anal fin base, with 3 enlarged, free rays at bottom of fin, upper free ray long, reaching end of pelvic fin; body scaled; membrane above opercular spine with scales; nape with scales.

Body greenish brown with small rounded red-brown spots on upper back; lower jaw and under head yellow; inside mouth orange; pectoral fin black  to dark green, sometimes with small dark oval spots above, lower edge bright blue; anal and pelvic fins pink; 2nd dorsal and tail fins with brown spots; juveniles with spot on spiny dorsal fin; often a spot on center of base of tail fin and on upper and lower margins behind that spot.

Size: reaches 20 cm.

Habitat: mud-sand bottoms.

Depth: 7-190 m, usually ~30 m.

The Gulf of Mexico to Argentina.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continent
  • Continental primarily
  • GC non-endemic
  • Also in Brazil
  • Extends South of GC
  • Island (s)
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 20
Depth Range Min
  • 7
Depth Range Max
  • 190