Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Prionotus paralatus, Mexican Searobin

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no nasal spines
D central ocellus
preopercular spine reaches well past operculum
pectoral: to center A base, rear edge concave, dark +/- white bars

Prionotus paralatus Ginsburg, 1950

Mexican Searobin

Snout moderate; moderately steep; no spines around nostrils; no cirri over nostrils or eyes; mouth small, opens slightly under snout, lower jaw not projecting; preopercular spine long, reaching well past operculum; dorsal rays X, 12; anal rays 10; pectoral fins with concave rear edges, 13-14 joined rays, fins reaching to middle of base of anal fin, with 3 enlarged, free rays at bottom of fin; body scaled; membrane above opercular spine with scales; nape with scales.

Head and body light grey-brown; pectoral uniform black or with black and white bars on upper part; dorsal fin with an ocellated oval spot between spines IV-V.

Size: reaches 18 cm.

Habitat: mud-sand bottoms.

Depth: 9-274 m, usually 27-146 m.

The Gulf of Mexico, also in Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom only
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 18
Depth Range Min
  • 9
Depth Range Max
  • 274