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Species: Prionotus ophryas, Bandtail searobin

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

cirri: nostrils & over eye
D1 2 spotted stripes
pectoral rounded, passes A base, brown + dark spots

Prionotus ophryas Jordan & Swain, 1885

Bandtail searobin

Snout short, forehead dished, steep; eye large; cirri on nostrils and over eyes; mouth opens slightly under snout, lower jaw not projecting; lower spine on preoperculum not reaching past edge of operculum; dorsal rays X, 1st spine longest, 12; anal rays 10; pectoral fins rounded, 13-14 joined rays, long, reaching past base of anal fin, with 3 enlarged, free rays at bottom of fin; body scaled; membrane above opercular spine with scales; nape with scales.

Pale coppery orange with broad black bars; lower body white, with red-brown blotches; eye cirrus black; dorsal fins mottled in violet grey-brown, first dorsal with two spotted stripes, 2nd dorsal with dark blotch at front; tail fin with 3 black bars; pectoral fin dark grey-brown, with darker spots between upper rays; black bars on free pectoral rays, pelvics and under chin; tail base with a dark saddle; anal fin dark, with white spots and white edge.

Size: reaches 20 cm.

Habitat: mud-sand bottoms.

Depth: 8-170 m, usually 20-70 m.

N Carolina to Venezuela.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends North of GC
  • GC endemic
  • Continent
  • Island (s)
  • Continental primarily
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Depth Range Max
  • 170
Depth Range Min
  • 8
Length Max
  • 20