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Species: Prionotus martis, Barred searobin

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

D1: 2 dark spots
lower gill rakers 8-11
gill membrane under throat: rays dark/black
pectoral: rounded, to 4th anal ray, 14-15, dark
throat scaled

Prionotus martis Ginsburg, 1950

Barred searobin

Head small, conical; snout long, sloping; mouth short, opens slightly under snout, lower jaw not projecting; no cirri over nostrils or eyes; peropercular spine reaching to edge of operculum; 8-11 (usually 9) lower gill rakers; dorsal rays X, 12; anal rays 11-13; pectoral fins with rounded ends, 14 (14-15) joined rays, moderately short, reaching to ~4th ray of anal fin, with 3 enlarged, free rays at bottom of fin; body scaled; throat scaled; membrane above opercular spine with scales; nape with scales.

Body plain grey brown, often with 3-4 dark diagonal saddles on upper back and tail base; rays of membranes under throat dark to black; dorsal fin with 2 non-ocellated spots (between spines I-II, and III-IV); pectorals dusky to dark with light mottling, to nearly black; upper half of tail fin spotted

Size: reaches 18 cm.

Habitat: mud-sand bottoms.

Depth: 11-110 m, usually 18-37 m.

The Gulf of Mexico.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Gulf of Mexico endemic
  • Continent only
  • GC endemic
  • Continent
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 18
Depth Range Min
  • 11
Depth Range Max
  • 110