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Species: Prionotus evolans, Striped searobin

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flank 2 long dark stripes
D1 dark spot
gill rakers 17-24
pectoral: rounded, reaches end A base, dark + dense, narrow, vertical wavy lines

Prionotus evolans (Linnaeus, 1766)

Striped searobin

Head large, deep, robust; no cirri at nostrils or over eyes; no spine at nostril; mouth large, reaches to under front edge of eye, opens slightly under snout, lower jaw not projecting; preopercular spine reaching past operculum; 17-24 gill rakers; dorsal rays X, 12; anal rays 10; pectoral fin with rounded rear edge, 13-14 joined rays, lower rays not longer than upper, reaches almost to end of anal fin base, with 3 enlarged, free rays at bottom of fin; body scaled; chest and throat & between pelvics with scales; membrane above opercular spine with scales; nape with scales.

Reddish to olive brown; a narrow dark stripe along lateral line, another along lower body; close-set dark wavy vertical lines across entire pectoral fin, inner part of fin blackish; spiny dorsal with a dark blotch between spines IV-V.

Reaches 45 cm.

Habitat: mud-sand bottoms.

Depth: 9-180 m, usually 18-64 m.

Nova Scotia to  Florida.


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Salinity
  • Marine Only
  • Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • Data
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Extends North of GC
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continental primarily
  • Island (s)
  • Continent
  • GC non-endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 45
Depth Range Min
  • 9
Depth Range Max
  • 180