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Species: Bellator militaris, Horned searobin

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

snout plates extended
body - 2-3 yellow stripes
C: 5 yellow stripes above
mouth short
pectoral: upper rays - black & white bars, reaches past A base
long spine over pectoral base
chest not scaled

Bellator militaris (Goode & Bean, 1896)

Horned searobin

Spiny projections at front of snout thin and horn-like, with small spines at front, extend well past tip of snout; mouth short, not reaching under eye; main spine on preoperculum with smaller one at its base; spine behind operculum large, reaches past large spine on upper operculum; dorsal fin XI, 1st 2 spines very long in male, reaching past tail fin, 11-12; anal 11-12 (usually 11) rays; pectoral fins long,12 joined rays, reaching just past end of anal fin base, with 3 enlarged, free rays at bottom of fin; breast scaled, front of belly scaleless; 55-67 lateral line scales; membrane above opercular spine without scales; nape not scaled.

Upper 1/3 of head and body rosy red, body with 2-3 thin yellow stripes reaching to tail base; 1st dorsal red, with yellow spots, a small black spot between outer edges of spines IV-V, soft dorsal with 3 yellow stripes, usually a dark spot at base of last ray; upper pectoral rays with prominent black and white bars, lower ray blackish, rest of fin pink; tail fin with 5 yellow stripes above, red below.

Size: 16 cm.

Habitat: sand and mud bottoms.

Depth: 20-216 m, usually 20-73 m.

N Carolina to Venezuela.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Carnivore
  • Planktivore
Diet
  • Zooplankton
  • Pelagic fish larvae
  • Pelagic fish eggs
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent only
  • GC endemic
  • Extends North of GC
  • Continent
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 16
Depth Range Min
  • 20
Depth Range Max
  • 216