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Species: Scorpaenodes tredecimspinosus, Deepreef Scorpionfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

body deep
ridge under eye: 1 row, 1-3 spines
rear of spiny D; black blotch
tail base white + broad red bar
D 9
pectoral 16-17, long central point
LL complete, 22-23

Scorpaenodes tredecimspinosus (Metzelaar, 1919)

Deepreef Scorpionfish

Body relatively deep, depth at dorsal fin origin 32-41% SL; head very bony, with numerous spines; no pit on top of head behind eyes; no small spines below main row of 2 (1-3) spines on bony ridge under eye; bone above front of mouth with 2 rounded lobes on lower edge and a small spine at rear side; teeth on center of roof of mouth but not on sides; no small slit behind last gill arch; dorsal fin XIII, 9 (last divided to base) rays; anal III+4-5; last dorsal and anal rays branched; pectoral 17 (16-17) rays, long & pointed, with longest rays in center, some branched, lowest rays unbranched; scales rough, head usually scaly; small spiny rays at top and bottom of base of tail fin; lateral line complete, 22-23 pored scales.

Red-brown to yellowish; a black blotch at end of spiny dorsal fin; remainder of fins with faint brown spots or transparent; rear of tail base white, followed by a red bar that extends onto base of tail fin.

Reaches 6.5 cm.

Lives on coral and rock bottoms.

Depth range: 7-82 m.

N Carolina to Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 6.5
Depth Range Min
  • 7
Depth Range Max
  • 82