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Species: Syngnathus makaxi, Yucatan pipe fish, Yucatan pipefish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

snout medium
upper body: ~12-13 narrow bars, wider interspaces
female: pale bars below
D 22-27
trunk rings 14-15
no opercular ridge
pectoral short

Syngnathus makaxi Herald & Dawson, 1972

Yucatan pipe fish

Snout moderate length and depth; narrow bar of bone in front of eye; no ridge above operculum, or along side of snout; ridges along top of snout and  head low; opercular ridge, only on front 1/2 of opercle in adults; body and front part of tail slender; dorsal fin 22-27, fin origin on trunk, well before anus; anal fin 2-4; pectoral fin 10-13, fin short; no pelvic fins; tail fin 10; ridge along side of body ends under dorsal fin, not joining that along side of tail; upper ridge of body discontinuous with that of tail just behind dorsal fin; ridges along bottom of body and tail joined; trunk rings 14-15; tail rings 30-32; no skin flaps; brood pouch under tail, its plates folded inwards.

Tan, mottled or barred with dark brown; side and top of head plain or mottled, lower part of head pale; snout blotched or barred on lower side; upper or all body usually with 12-13 narrow (0.5-1 ring wide) pale or dark bars, separated by wider (2-4 ring) interspaces; body of females usually with dark-edged pale bars on lower half; fins pale.

Reaches 7 cm.

Seagrass and algal beds.

Depth: 0-2 m.

The northern and Caribbean coast of the Yucatan peninsula.

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  • Marine
  • Brackish
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom only
  • Submerged vegetation
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Zooplankton
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Live birth
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species.
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • GC endemic
  • Continent only
  • All species..
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Data deficient
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 7
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 2