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Species: Syngnathus dawsoni, Antillean pipefish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

snout long, slender
snout & flank: brown stripe
D 28-31
trunk rings 16-18
indistinct opercular ridge

Syngnathus dawsoni (Herald, 1969)

Antillean pipefish

Snout long, and slender; narrow vertical bone in front of eye; no ridge above operculum, or along side of snout; ridges along top of snout and  head low; opercular ridge inconspicuous, only on front 1/3 of opercle in adults; dorsal fin 28-31, fin origin on trunk, well before anus; anal fin 2-4; pectoral fin 12-14; no pelvic fins; tail fin 10; main body ridges without indentations at ring edges; ridge along side of body ends under dorsal fin, not joining that along side of tail; upper ridge of body discontinuous with that of tail just behind dorsal fin; ridges along bottom of body and tail joined; trunk rings 16-18; tail rings 33-36, no skin flaps; brood pouch under tail, its plates folded inwards.

Light tan, darker above, snout with a brown stripe along its side; a brown stripe along flank from pectoral to tail fin base, sometimes dark-edged pale bars on lower body.

Reaches 18 cm.

Bays, on weedy and seagrass bottoms.

Depth: 0.5-7 m.

Eastern Caribbean.

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  • Marine
  • Brackish
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
  • Submerged vegetation
  • Soft bottom only
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Bony fishes
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Live birth
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • All species.
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species..
  • Island (s) only
  • Antilles endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Data deficient
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 18
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 7