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Species: Syngnathus texanus, Texas pipefish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

snout moderate
brown snout, white blotch under eye
body: 11-12 wide bars
D 35-41
trunk rings 17-19, 8.5-10 under D
no opercular ridge

Syngnathus texanus Gilbert, 2013

Texas pipefish

Snout moderately short and deep (length 38.5-47.6% of head, depth 20-42% of its length); narrow vertical bone in front of eye; no ridge above operculum, or along side of snout; ridges along top of snout and head low; opercular ridge only on front 1/3 of opercle in adults; dorsal fin 35-41 rays, with 8.25-10 rings under fin, fin origin on trunk, well before anus; anal fin 2-4; pectoral fin 13-16; no pelvic fins; tail fin 10; main body ridges low; ridge along side of body ends under dorsal fin, not joining that along side of tail; upper ridge of body discontinuous with that of tail just behind dorsal fin; ridges along bottom of body and tail joined; trunk rings 18 (17-19), under dorsal fin 8.5-10; tail rings 33-34; no skin flaps; brood pouch under tail, its plates folded inwards.

Color highly variable: whitish to dark brown; strongly marked fish with a brown snout, whitish blotch under eye, a pale diagonal bar across operculum, body with 11-12 brown bars each 2-4 rings wide, with narrower pale interspaces, fins pale.

Reaches 22.5 cm.

Estuaries and lagoons.

Depth: 0-24 m.

Louisianna to Campeche.

Note: This “species” probably is a synonym of S. scovelli.

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  • Brackish
  • Non Marine
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Submerged vegetation
  • Soft bottom only
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Estuary
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Bony fishes
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Live birth
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • All species.
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • All species..
  • Gulf of Mexico endemic
  • Continent only
  • GC endemic
  • Continent
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 22.5
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 24