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Species: Pseudophallus mindii, Freshwater Pipefish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

snout short
D 28-44
side body ridge joints top tail ridge
C 10
pectoral 13-16
lower body & tail ridges joined
no A
brood pouch under tail
female: long, spiny anal papilla

Pseudophallus mindii (Meek & Hildebrand, 1923)

Freshwater Pipefish

Snout short, with a low ridge along the top; dorsal fin 28-44 rays; anal fin absent; pectoral fin 13-16 rays; no pelvic fins; tail 10 rays; upper body and tail ridges discontinuous; ridge on side of trunk joins side ridge then top ridge of tail; lower ridges of trunk and tail joined; edges of body ridges without indentations, denticles or skin flaps; trunk rings 13-15, total rings 41-53; brood pouch under tail rings 11-22, with large, infolded plates; female with a long, spiny anal papilla.

Light brown, greenish below; snout usually with a dark stripe along side; often a dark blotch behind eye; body variable, from plain to heavily blotched and mottled; diffuse pale stripes along body ridges; dorsal and pectoral fins yellowish; tail fin black, with a yellow edge.

Reaches 16 cm.

Mainly in freshwater, but also occurs in estuaries; juveniles have been collected at sea; its occurrence at offshore Caribbean islands attests to its marine dispersal capacity.

Depth range: 0-2 m.

Belize to Brazil.

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  • Brackish
  • Freshwater
  • Non Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Estuary
  • Freshwater
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Live birth
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Data deficient
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 16
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 2