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Species: Bryx dunckeri, Pugnose Pipefish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

head 9.2% SL
snout short, depth 59% length
snout - dark stripe
dark blotch behind eye
D 21-27
blotched & mottled
sometimes white rings
no A

Bryx dunckeri (Metzelaar, 1919)

Pugnose Pipefish

Head ~9.2% of SL; snout short, upturned, depth 59% of its length, with low, finely serrated ridge along top; a ridge along top of operculum; dorsal 21-27 rays; pectoral 9-13 rays; no anal fin; no pelvic fins; tail fin 10 rays; 15-18 trunk rings, 30-36 tail rings; ridges on upper body and tail not joined; ridge on mid side of body straight, ends near anus; lower body ridge joins lower tail ridge; brood pouch under tail, with semi-overlapping plates pouch under tail rings 14-19.

Color highly variable, pale to reddish brown, blotched and mottled, sometimes with whitish rings; usually a dark stripe along side of snout, radiating darks streaks from eye, a dark blotch behind eye, sometimes with a pale blotch below that; occasionally with 6-8 small brown spots near middle of each ring; fins plain or rays spotted with brown.

Reaches 7.5 cm.

Seagrass and calcareous algae, sometimes in floating Sargassum; brackish to marine.

Depth range: 1-72 m.

North Carolina to Brazil.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Submerged vegetation
  • Water column
  • Estuary
  • Flotsam
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Live birth
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 7.5
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 72