Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Aulostomus maculatus, Atlantic Trumpetfish

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long tubular snout
C round, base- 2 black spots
body: pale stipes + black spots
chin 1 barbel

Aulostomus maculatus Valenciennes, 1841

Atlantic Trumpetfish

Body very elongate, somewhat compressed; head strongly compressed; snout very long, tubular; barbel on chin; no teeth on top jaw, tiny teeth on lower jaw; 1st dorsal fin with VIII-XIII small, isolated spines; 2nd dorsal and anal fins with 21-25 rays; pelvic fins well behind pectorals, short but reach anus; soft dorsal and anal opposite at rear of body, fins similar in shape and relatively high; narrow tail base; tail fin rounded; scales small, rough.

Color variable, reddish brown to grey-brown above, with diffuse pale lines and scattered small black spots on upper head and body; tail fin base with two large black spots.

Size: 100 cm.

Habitat: clear shallow water on reefs, soft coral stands, and in seagrass beds.

Depth: 2-300 m.

Bermuda to the southern Caribbean, also in Brazil. Its Brazilian/central Atlantic/E Atlantic sister species is A. strigosus.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Rocks
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Submerged vegetation
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 100
Depth Range Min
  • 2
Depth Range Max
  • 300