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Species: Neoniphon coruscum, Reef Squirrelfish

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body: red + thin bright white stripes
spiny D: red + white spots -base and spine tips, l
inside pectoral base - pale

Neoniphon coruscum (Poey, 1860)

Reef Squirrelfish

Body oblong, elongate; snout pointed; eye very large; mouth small, oblique; lower jaw not projecting; edges of bones of operculum and under eye with series of slender spines; 1-2 enlarged spines on edge of operculum; a long stout spine at corner of preopercle; 10-14 lower gill rakers; dorsal fin with XI spines, a distinct gap between last spine and first ray of soft dorsal, front soft rays not elongate; 12 (11-13) soft rays; anal with IV spines, 3rd spine extremely long and stout, 7-8; pectoral 13 (12-13); pelvics I, 7; tail forked; scales large, very rough; 41-45 on lateral line.

Reddish head, body and fins, white below; body with thin, bright white stripes; soft dorsal, anal and tail fins translucent red; spiny dorsal fin red, with white tips to spines, a row of white spots along the base of the fin, a large black blotch on the membranes between the 1st 3 spines; inside pectoral fin base pale.

Reaches 13.5 cm.

Lives on reefs.

Depth range: 2-140 m.

Bermuda to the S Caribbean.

Note: Recently moved from the genus Sargocentron.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 13.5
Depth Range Min
  • 2
Depth Range Max
  • 140