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Species: Neoniphon marianus, Longjaw Squirrelfish

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red + yellow stripes
D orange + white spots
C top lobe not longer
lower jaw projects
preoperculum angular, 1 strong spine

Neoniphon marianus (Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1829)

Longjaw Squirrelfish

Body ovate, elongate; mouth small, oblique, lower jaw projecting; snout pointed; eye very large; edges of bones of operculum and under eye with a series of slender spines, 1-2 enlarged spines on edge of operculum, a long stout spine at corner of preopercle; lower gill rakers 10-14; dorsal fin with XI spines, continuous, with last spine closer to 1st soft ray than to 2nd last spine, front rays not elongated; anal with IV spines, 3rd spine extremely long and stout, 7-10; pelvics I, 7; tail forked, lobes nearly equal in length; scales large, very rough.

Silvery red; lower 1/3 of head white; body with a series of prominent thin gold stripes; spiny dorsal fin gold, the spine tips white, a row of white blotches along the lower 1/3 of the fin; tail fin with broad red upper and lower margins; soft dorsal and anal clear.

Reaches 22 cm.

Lives on reefs.

Depth range: 15-151 m

North Carolina to the S Caribbean.

Note: Recently moved from the genus Flammeo.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 22
Depth Range Min
  • 15
Depth Range Max
  • 151