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Species: Cyprinodon laciniatus, Bahama pupfish

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cheek deep
large scale behind operculum
teeth - 3 points
scale edges scalloped rough
large scale behind operculum
Bahamas & Cuba

Cyprinodon laciniatus Hubbs & Miller, 1942

Bahama pupfish

Body moderately deep and chubby; head flattened; snout short and blunt; front nostril not tubular; covering of eye not continuous with skin of head; cheek deep (distance from edge of bone under eye to corner of preoperculum >2X length of opercle); mouth wide, oblique, at front, protrusible; teeth 3-pointed; dorsal fin short-based, 10-18 rays, at mid-body, its origin before anal fin origin; anal fin with 8-13 branched rays;  pectoral fin short, 13-20 rays, low on side; pelvics small, 6-7 rays, on belly well behind pectoral base; tail fin bluntly rounded; body with large scales, head scaly, free edges of scales scalloped; an enlarged, elongate scale just behind upper corner of operculum; lateral line reduced to a series of pits along side of body.

Male: greenish-grey above, with blue reflections on top; grey below suffused with orange to rose; a series of narrow silvery bars on side of body; dorsal and anal fins pale yellow, tail fin pale white, with a black margin. Female: grey-green above, pale grey suffused with yellow to rose below; dark green to black bars along flanks, some of them Y shaped; sometimes a dark spot at rear edge of dorsal fin.

Reaches 6.6 cm.

Brackish ponds.

Depth range: 0-2 m.

The Bahamas and Cuba.


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  • Hypersaline
  • Brackish
  • Non Marine
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Estuary
  • Submerged vegetation
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Omnivore
  • Detritivore
  • Benthic microalgae
  • Detritus
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Insects
  • Data
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Benthic
  • No pelagic larva
  • No pelagic phase
Global Endemism
  • All species.
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • All species..
  • Island (s) only
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s)
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
  • Not listed
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 2
Length Max
  • 6.6