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Species: Poecilia mexicana, Shortfin molly

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2 pairs pores on snout
color geographically variable
D 9-10, origin behind pelvic origin; male - fin sm
male: pelvic tips swollen, sex organ short, + palp, 1 claw & spines under straight tip
scales: 26-30 lateral, 18 around tail base

Poecilia mexicana Steindachner, 1863

Shortfin molly, Mexican molly

Body variable in proportions, torpedo shaped to deep, compressed; head depressed;front nostril not tubular; covering of eye not continuous with skin of head; mouth small, at front, slightly oblique, lower jaw slightly projecting, top jaw protractile; jaw teeth consist of an outer row of large backward curved teeth with expanded tips, and several rows of small pointed teeth, inner row of teeth with 1 point; 21-26 gill rakers; with 2 pairs of pores on top of snout before eyes; 1 dorsal fin with short base, origin behind pelvic origin, 9-10 rays, fin small in male; pelvic origin well behind pectoral base, near anal fin; tip of pelvic fin of males swollen, elongate;  pectorals high on flank, 5th ray not scalloped in male; anal fin 9 rays, origin under (female) or a little behind (male) dorsal fin origin; 3rd anal ray unbranched; anal fin modified in male to form an elongate sex organ, that organ relatively short, with straight tip that has small spines, a small claw & a fleshy palp; tail base relatively narrow; tail fin rounded, without elongate sword; scales smooth and relatively large; 18 scales around tail fin base; 29 (26-30) lateral scale rows.

There is considerable geographic variation in the color patterns of males of  this species: N Mexico upper body bluey grey, with more blue below; tail and dorsal fins – black inner half + orange outer part; Yucatan body with rows of orange spots along scale rows; dorsal fin with black and yellow reticulations; tail fin with base bluey white, center with several  vertical rows of black spots, rear margin broadly orange. Female grey-brown above, whitish below; base of dorsal fin with a row of dense black spots, tail fin with a few scattered black spots. Costa Rica: several rows of yellow spots on flanks, those spots black in females of some brackish water areas; dorsal and anal fins of male more heavily pigmented than in female.

Reaches 14.4 cm.

Fresh to brackish water nearly full strength salt water, in lagoons and estuaries on the coast.

Depth range: 0-1 m.

SW Gulf of Mexico to Colombia.


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Salinity
  • Brackish
  • Freshwater
  • Non Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Estuary
  • Mangrove
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Freshwater
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Detritivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Detritus
  • Insects
Egg Type
  • Live birth
  • No pelagic larva
  • No pelagic phase
  • Data
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent only
  • GC endemic
  • Continent
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 14.4
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 1