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Species: Fundulus jenkinsi, Saltmarsh topminnow

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

snout sharply pointed
dark behind eye
D 8-9, origin behind A origin
gill rakers 10
scale edges dark -> cross-hatch
0 chin pores
A 11
scales: 29-32 lateral, 14-16 around tail base

Fundulus jenkinsi (Evermann, 1892)

Saltmarsh topminnow

Body slender elongate, compressed; head flattened above, with straight to slightly convex upper profile, snout sharply pointed, about equal to eye;  cover of eye not continuous with head skin; front nostril not tubular; mouth small, oblique, opens at front, protrusible, top jaw twisted, lower jaw projecting; chin with no pores; jaws with outer row of pointed conical teeth, inner band of simple teeth; gill rakers short, slender 10; no spines in fins; dorsal fin short based, its origin distinctly behind anal fin origin, 8-9 rays; anal fin with 3rd  fin ray branched, 11 (9-12) rays; dorsal and anal fins longer in male; pectoral with narrow base, rounded, inserted low on side, 15-16 rays; pelvics inserted well behind pectoral base; tail base depth <13% of SL; tail fin rounded; small smooth scales, 29-32 midlateral rows; 14-16 scales around tail base; sexes similar in shape; lateral line reduced to a series of pits along side of body.

Pale yellow, with minute dark specks along scale edges forming a cross-hatched pattern; both sexes with 2 rows of 15-30 dark, scale-sized spots along flank; a dark blotch on upper operculum.

Reaches 6.5 cm.

Brackish streams and bays.

Depth range: 0-1 m.

The northern Gulf of Mexico.

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  • Brackish
  • Non Marine
  • Freshwater
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Mangrove
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Freshwater
  • Estuary
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Omnivore
  • No Data
  • Insects
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Benthic microalgae
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • No pelagic larva
  • No pelagic phase
  • No data
  • Benthic
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • GC endemic
  • Continent only
  • Continent
  • Gulf of Mexico endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 6.5
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 1