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Species: Ogcocephalus pumilus, Dwarf Batfish

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horn v long, thin, horizontal
mouth small
pectoral 11-12, rays - no pads

Ogcocephalus pumilus Bradbury, 1980

Dwarf Batfish

Head depressed; disc triangular; snout pointed, rostrum very long (32-65% of length of disc edge) and thin, horizontal to body; fish-lure with 3 fleshy points, in a small cavity under horn; eyes on sides of head; mouth relatively small; spine at lower rear corner of operculum blunt or little developed; gill rakers are oval plates covered with small teeth; gill openings small, behind upper base of pectoral fin; dorsal and anal fins small, at rear of body; pectoral and pelvic fins limb-like; pectorals completely separated from body, skin on underside of rays thin & without fleshy pads, fin membrane thin and translucent, 11-12 rays; skin covered dorsal fin on tail, small fleshy anal fin, 3-4 rays, under tail; top of body with large bucklers as well as conical spines; underside of body completely covered with pointed, bony scales underside of tail densely covered with small prickles, sometimes with a few conical spines along midline; 4-7 (usually 6) lateral line scales under operculum, 8-9 on cheek.

Pale blue-grey above, tips of bucklers paler; underside paler than top and suffused with orange; rostrum and outer 1/3 of pectorals and tail fin deep orange.

Reaches 8.3 cm.

Habitat soft bottoms.

Depth range: 35-348 m.

The southern Bahamas to Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 8.3
Depth Range Min
  • 35
Depth Range Max
  • 348