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Species: Ogcocephalus pantostictus, Spotted Batfish

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horn = short finger
mouth wide
upper surface & fins: small dark spots
pectoral 12-13, rays with pads

Ogcocephalus pantostictus Bradbury, 1980

Spotted Batfish

Head depressed; disc triangular; snout pointed, rostrum a short finger in large fish, a long cone in juveniles; fish-lure with 3 fleshy points, in a small cavity under horn; eyes on sides of head; mouth wide (width at least 59% of head depth); spine at lower rear corner of operculum blunt or little developed; gill rakers are oval plates covered with small teeth; gill openings small, behind upper base of pectoral fin; dorsal and anal fins small, at rear of body; pectoral and pelvic fins limb-like; pectorals completely separated from body, skin on underside of rays thick and spongy, forming pads near tips of rays, fin membrane thick and opaque, 12-13 rays; skin covered dorsal fin on tail, small fleshy anal fin (usually 4 rays) under tail; top of body with large bucklers as well as conical spines; underside of body completely covered with pointed, bony scales; underside of tail densely covered with small prickles, with sometimes a few conical spines along midline; 9 lateral line scales under operculum, 9 on cheek.

Entire upper surface of head, body, tail and pectoral and dorsal fins evenly covered in small dark spots.

Reaches 31 cm.

Habitat soft bottoms.

Depth range: 5-31 m.

The Gulf of Mexico.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • GC endemic
  • Gulf of Mexico endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 31
Depth Range Min
  • 5
Depth Range Max
  • 31