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Species: Ogcocephalus notatus, Marked Batfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

horn = blunt shelf
mouth wide
pupil oval
1-7 paired clusters of dark, pale-edge spots along
pectoral 12-13, rays with pads

Ogcocephalus notatus (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1837)

Marked Batfish

Head depressed; disc triangular; snout pointed, rostrum a bluntly pointed shelf, juveniles with a short horn; fish-lure with 3 fleshy points, in a small cavity under horn; eyes on sides of head; pupil oval, without a cover at top; mouth wide (width 71-100% of head depth); spine at lower rear corner of operculum blunt, little developed; gill rakers are oval plates covered with small teeth; gill openings small, behind upper base of pectoral fin; pectoral and pelvic fins limb-like; pectorals completely separated from body, skin on underside of rays thick and spongy, forming pads near tips of rays, fin membrane thick and opaque, 12-13 (almost always 13) rays; skin covered dorsal fin on tail, small fleshy anal fin (usually 4 rays) under tail; top of body with large bucklers as well as conical spines; underside of body completely covered with pointed, bony scales; underside of tail densely covered with small prickles, with sometimes a few conical spines along midline; 7-8 lateral line scales under operculum; 4 above top jaw, 10 along cheek.

Grey brown, tips of bucklers paler; 1-7 paired clusters of dark, pale-edged spots along disc edge; sometimes with dark rings on top surface and sides of tail; pectorals with dark edges, tips of rays pale.

Reaches 17 cm.

Habitat soft bottoms, also found in estuaries.

Depth range: 15-172 m.

Colombia to S Brazil.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Estuary
  • Mud
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 17
Depth Range Min
  • 15
Depth Range Max
  • 172