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Species: Ogcocephalus corniger, Longnose batfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

horn v long
brown, covered with small grey dots
pectoral 10-11, rays with pads

Ogcocephalus corniger Bradbury, 1980

Longnose batfish

Head depressed but elevated above disk; disc triangular; snout pointed, with a very long horn-like rostrum (0.9-1.6 in head) projecting well forward before eyes; eyes on sides of head; fish-lure with 3 fleshy points, in a small cavity under horn; spine at lower rear corner of operculum blunt or little developed, without spinelets; gill rakers are oval plates covered with small teeth; gill openings small, behind upper base of pectoral fin; dorsal and anal fins small, at rear of body; pectoral and pelvic fins limb-like; pectorals completely separated from body, with 10-11 (rarely 12 rays), skin on underside of ends of rays thick and spongy, forming pads near tips of rays, fin membrane thick and opaque; skin covered dorsal fin on tail; small fleshy anal fin (4 rays) under tail; top of body with large bucklers as well as conical spines; underside of body completely covered with pointed, bony scales; underside of tail densely covered with small prickles, with sometimes a few conical spines along midline.

Upper surface chocolate brown to dark reddish brown, covered with small pearl grey dots (the unpigmented tips of bucklers); lips bright orange-red; underside of body with orange-red wash; rostrum with a diffuse dark ring near tip; iris spotted, without radiating lines; pectorals orange to yellow to purplish, with broad dark margins, tips of rays white, pads on underside white; pelvics orange-red sometimes with dark tips; outer third of anal fin dark to black; dorsal dusky, often with 1-2 pale stripes; tail fin brown on base, orange in center, border black.

Reaches 23 cm.

Habitat soft bottoms.

Depth range: 29-253 m.

N Carolina to the S Caribbean.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continent
  • Island (s)
  • GC endemic
  • Extends North of GC
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 23
Depth Range Min
  • 29
Depth Range Max
  • 253