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Species: Dibranchus atlanticus, Atlantic batfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

disc oval/triangular
rostrum = spiny shelf over obvious lure
oval disc
subopercular spine large, with 4-8 spinelets
pectoral not attached to tail
underbody with scales

Dibranchus atlanticus Peters, 1876

Atlantic batfish

Head depressed and expanded to form an oval to roughly triangular disc; tail long; mouth ranges from small to large; cavity on snout for lure small, overhung by a bony shelf of sharp spines; lure with a central bulb and a pair of bulges at its base that are not distinctly separated from it; no cover over pupils; spine at lower rear corner of operculum large, ending in 4-8 sharp spinelets on each side; gill openings small, behind upper base of pectoral fin; gill rakers in form of tiny pads of teeth set on stalks; dorsal and anal fins small, at rear of body; pectoral bases without a membrane joining them to the body or tail base; pelvics not reduced; lateral line interrupted, rear part turns down just before anus; scales form bony tubercles that have numerous small spines; underside of body completely covered with scales.

Body and tail pale yellowish brown, spines paler; dorsal, tail and pectoral fins reddish.

Reaches 39.4 cm.

Lives on mud and sand bottoms.

Depth range: 22-1784 m.

E and W Atlantic; Canada to Brazil.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Sea-stars/cucumbers/urchins
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • Transatlantic (East+West Atlantic)
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Extends South of GC
  • Continent
  • Also in Brazil
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Extends North of GC
  • Continent only
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 39.4
Depth Range Min
  • 22
Depth Range Max
  • 1784