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Species: Antennarius multiocellatus, Longlure Frogfish

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fish pole 2X 2nd D spine
2nd D spine connected to head
large dark spots: D base, A base & C
D & A not connected to C
only 1 pelvic ray branched

Antennarius multiocellatus (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1837)

Longlure Frogfish

A globular somewhat compressed body; head not spiny; eyes on sides of head; a very large, upward directed mouth with many small teeth; a small round gill opening, below and behind pectoral base; dorsal rays I+I+I, 12; "fish-pole" long, 21-32% of SL, and twice length of 2nd dorsal spine; "lure" with a flattened flag-like appendage that is up to 45% of the length of the fish-pole; second dorsal spine slightly tapering, membrane behind it that connects it to head thin, covered with spinules, ends distinctly before 3rd spine; 3rd dorsal spine movable, not bound down by skin; limb-like pectoral fins with an "elbow" joint, that fin broadly connected to body; anal rays 7; pectoral rays 10 (rarely 11-13); tail base present, dorsal and anal fins not connected to tail fin; pelvic fins short, with 4 unbranched and 1 branched rays; skin of body rough, covered with close-set, double-pointed spicules; head and body partly covered by rounded wart-like swellings.

Solid red or mottled brown and tan or dark brown, occasionally white with dark mottled lines, with circular pale-ringed blackish spots, usually a vertical row of three dark spots near end of tail, a row of dark spots along dorsal fin and large ocelli at center of base of soft dorsal fin and of anal fin; a small bright white saddle on tail base, and an irregular pale bar on body just before soft dorsal fin.

Size: attains 14.3 cm.

Habitat: reefs; the commonest frogfish on Caribbean reefs.

Depth: 0-91 m, but usually at < 10 m.

New York to Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 14.3
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 91