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Species: Sanopus splendidus, Splendid Toadfish

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head black + white zebra line
body grey + faint pale mesh
fins dark + wide orange /yellow edges
only central 1-2 chin barbels branched

Sanopus splendidus Collette, Starck & Phillips in Collette, 1974

Splendid Toadfish

Relatively long bodied; head depressed, with many branched barbells and skin flaps, especially along lower jaw; only 1-2 central barbells on chin are branched; no cirri between eyes; front nostrils are tubular; gill openings restricted to side, before pectoral fin base; operculum with 2 solid spines at top corner and one at bottom corner; a large pore leading to a group of glands just behind base of pectoral fin, no glands on pectoral fin itself; dorsal fin III, 29-31; 25 anal fin rays; 2 lateral lines, 30-34 papillae on upper lateral line, 28-30 on lower line; no light organs; no scales.

Head black, with dense white zebra-like lines; body dark grey, with faint chain-link pattern; fins dark grey, with broad yellow-orange and black borders, pelvics yellow.

Reaches 29 cm.

Lives in caves under corals.

Depth range: 10-25 m.

Cozumel Island, Mexico, and Glover's Reef, Belize.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Reef only
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • Data
  • No pelagic larva
  • No pelagic phase
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Caribbean endemic
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • GC endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Endangered
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 29
Depth Range Min
  • 10
Depth Range Max
  • 25