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Species: Sanopus reticulatus, Reticulate Toadfish

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dark + network pale lines
C ~6 narrow, wavy bars
all chin barbels branched

Sanopus reticulatus Collette, 1983

Reticulate Toadfish

Relatively long bodied; head depressed, with many branched barbells and skin flaps, especially along lower jaw; no cirri between eyes; all barbells on chin are branched, more deeply divided than in other species with branched barbells; front nostrils are tubular; gill openings restricted to side, before pectoral fin base; operculum with 2 solid spines at top corner and one at bottom corner; a large pore leading to a group of glands just behind base of pectoral fin, no glands on pectoral fin itself; dorsal fin III, 31-32; 25-26 anal fin rays; 2 lateral lines, 34-36 papillae on upper lateral line, 30-32 on lower line; no light organs; no scales.

Head, body and fins dark, covered with a network of pale lines; tail fin with ~6 narrow wavy pale bars.

Reaches 42 cm.

Lives in caves under corals.

Depth range: 0-10 m.

Known only from the N Yucatan coast.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Reef only
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • Data
  • No pelagic larva
  • No pelagic phase
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • GC endemic
  • Gulf of Mexico endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Endangered
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 42
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 10