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Species: Sanopus johnsoni, Cozumel Toadfish

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body & head dark
all chin barbels branched, branches long, thin, few

Sanopus johnsoni Collette & Starck in Collette, 1974

Cozumel Toadfish

Relatively long bodied; head depressed, with many branched barbells and skin flaps, especially along lower jaw; barbells on chin long, thin, branched, branches long, thin, few; long cirri between eyes; front nostrils are tubular; gill openings restricted to side, before pectoral fin base; operculum with 2 solid spines at top corner and one at bottom corner; a large pore leading to a group of glands just behind base of pectoral fin, no glands on pectoral fin itself; dorsal fin III, 32; 25 anal fin rays; 2 lateral lines, 37 papillae on upper lateral line, 32 on lower line; no light organs; no scales.

Head, body and fins uniform dark brown; belly pale brown with dark reticulations.

Reaches 30 cm.

Lives in caves under corals.

Depth range: 2-7 m.

Known only from offshore islands on the Caribbean coast of Mexico & Belize.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Reef only
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • Data
  • No pelagic larva
  • No pelagic phase
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Caribbean endemic
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • GC endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Data deficient
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 30
Depth Range Min
  • 2
Depth Range Max
  • 7