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Species: Sanopus greenfieldorum, Whitelined Toadfish

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black; head: many white lines
only central chin barbels branched
upper LL 36-41

Sanopus greenfieldorum Collette, 1983

Whitelined Toadfish

Relatively long bodied; head depressed, with many branched barbells and skin flaps, especially along lower jaw; only 1-2 barbells in center of chin are branched, barbells long and thin; no cirri between eyes; front nostrils are tubular; gill openings restricted to side, before pectoral fin base; operculum with 2 solid spines at top corner and one at bottom corner; a large pore leading to a group of glands just behind base of pectoral fin, no glands on pectoral fin itself; dorsal fin III, 31-34; anal fin 25-28; 2 lateral lines, 32-38 papillae on upper lateral line, 27-34 on lower line; no light organs; no scales.

Head and body blackish, head with many thin white lines and bars; body with scattered white spots, pores of upper and lower lateral lines in white spots.

Reaches 31 cm.

Lives in caves under corals.

Depth range: 5-30 m.

Known only from the Belize barrier reef and offshore islands.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Reef only
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • Data
  • No pelagic larva
  • No pelagic phase
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Caribbean endemic
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Vulnerable
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 31
Depth Range Min
  • 5
Depth Range Max
  • 30