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Species: Sanopus barbatus, Bearded toadfish

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body & head dark
C: 1-3 large ocelli
all chin barbels branched, branches short, thick, many

Sanopus barbatus (Meek & Hildebrand, 1928)

Bearded toadfish

Relatively long bodied; head depressed, with many branched barbells and skin flaps, especially along lower jaw; all of barbells on chin are short, thick and with many short, thick branches; no cirri between eyes; front nostrils are tubular; gill openings restricted to side, before pectoral fin base; operculum with 2 solid spines at top corner and  one at bottom corner; a large pore leading to a group of glands just behind base of pectoral fin, no glands on pectoral fin itself; dorsal fin III, 31-34; anal fin 25-28; 2 lateral lines, 32-38 papillae on upper lateral line, 27-34 on lower line; no light organs; body scaleless.

Upper body brown with mottling; belly white with brown mottling; tail fin with 1-3 large ocelli

Reaches 41 cm.

Lives in caves under corals.

Depth range: 2-20 m.

Belize to Panama.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Reef only
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Data
  • Sea-stars/cucumbers/urchins
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • No pelagic larva
  • Data
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • All species.
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Caribbean endemic
  • Continent
  • GC endemic
  • Continent only
  • All species..
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 41
Depth Range Min
  • 2
Depth Range Max
  • 20