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Species: Opsanus pardus, Leopard toadfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

body pale + dark spots
D2 26
fins weak bars
inside mouth pale
pectoral 19-21, no bars, mottled

Opsanus pardus (Goode & Bean, 1880)

Leopard toadfish

Head and front of body moderately depressed; head wide (24.6-36.6% of SL), with many barbells, especially around lower jaw; 2 solid spines on upper opercle and 1 below those; teeth molar-like to pointed, but no canines; gill openings restricted to side, before pectoral fin base; dorsal fin with 3 solid spines, spiny and soft parts joined, soft part 26 rays; anal fin 19-22 rays; dorsal and anal fins not joined to tail fin; pectoral rays usually 19-21, discrete glands between upper pectoral rays on inner surface of fin; a pore opening to surface at rear of base of pectoral fin; 2 lateral lines, no light organs; body without scales.

Light brown to yellowish; head, body and fins with pupil-sized brown spots, those on dorsal and anal fins in oblique rows; body mottled; bars  on dorsal, anal and tail fins irregular, seldom complete; pectoral mottled; inside mouth not pigmented.

Reaches 39 cm.

On deeper rocky bottoms, offshore.

Depth range: 9-91 m.

The Carolinas to  the Gulf of Mexico.


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Salinity
  • Marine Only
  • Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • No pelagic larva
  • No pelagic phase
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Gulf of Mexico endemic
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • GC endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Depth Range Max
  • 91
Depth Range Min
  • 9
Length Max
  • 39