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Species: Batrachoides manglae, Cotuero toadfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

scales on nape not reaching onto head
D 21-23
A 19-21
D & A oblique dark bars
LL 31-34 + 29-37

Batrachoides manglae Cervigón, 1964

Cotuero toadfish

Head depressed, long (40-44% of SL), mostly covered with fine filaments, many tentacles around lower jaws; no tentacles over eyes; eye large; 2 solid spines on upper opercle and 2 below and behind those; large molar teeth on both jaws, no canines; gill openings restricted to side, before pectoral fin base; dorsal rays III (solid spines), 21-23; anal rays 19-21; pectoral 18-21 rays; 6-11 discrete glands on inner surface of pectoral fin between bases of upper rays; glandular tissue but no pore just behind pectoral base; 2  lateral lines, (31-40 pores on upper, 29-37 (usually < 34) on lower); no light organs; body covered with small imbedded scales; scales on rear of nape only.

Back and sides brown with a yellow to green tint; body with several irregular dark bars; fins with alternating dark and light oblique bars; belly whitish.

Size: 30 cm.

Habitat: muddy bottoms, especially in mangrove lagoons.

Depth: 1-10 m?

Colombia and Venezuela.


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Salinity
  • Brackish
  • Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Soft bottom only
  • Estuary
  • Mud
  • Submerged vegetation
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Benthic
  • No pelagic larva
  • No pelagic phase
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent only
  • Caribbean endemic
  • Continent
  • GC endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Vulnerable
CITES
  • Not listed
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 10
Length Max
  • 30