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Species: Stygnobrotula latebricola, Black brotula

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snout v blunt, square, = large eye
dark body, black fins
D & C fully joined to C
rear top jaw not expanded

Stygnobrotula latebricola Bohlke, 1957

Black brotula

Head and body distinctly compressed, body tapering to rear; snout very short (= eye diameter) blunt, overhanging mouth; front nostril is immediately above the top lip; eye large; top jaw bone narrow and rounded at rear, mouth ends just behind eye; sides of roof of mouth without teeth; some jaw teeth enlarged; no central tooth patch at bottom of gill arches;  operculum without a spine; 3-4 well developed gill rakers; pectoral fin 21-23; pelvic fin with 1 ray; tail fin continuous with dorsal and anal fins; lateral line in 2 overlapping pieces; head with scales.

Body and head blackish brown; vertical fins black.

Reaches 8 cm.

Lives in small caves on reefs, often along the shoreline.

Depth range: 2-110 m.

The Bahamas to the Caribbean; Brazil.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Rocks
  • Corals
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef only
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Ectoparasite cleaner
  • Data
Diet
  • Ectoparasites
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Data
  • Live birth
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • GC non-endemic
  • Continent
  • Extends South of GC
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Island (s)
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 8
Depth Range Min
  • 2
Depth Range Max
  • 110