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Species: Alionematichthys minyomma, Smalleye Brotula

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head long, eye small
front nostril high
C not joined to A & D
top jaw - rear end expanded
head scales: cheek only
opercular spine exposed

Alionematichthys minyomma Sedor & Cohen, 1987

Smalleye Brotula

Body robust; head relatively long and low; eyes small, distinct; front nostril high on snout, midway between top lip and rear nostril; rear end of top jaw expanded vertically; lower front gill arch with 1 short plate-like raker between 2 longer rakers, upper branch with 3 slightly elongate rakers; tip of sharp opercular spine exposed; preoperculum with 3 pores at lower rear corner, 1 above; no central tooth patch at bottom of gill arches; dorsal fin 71-79; anal fin 55-61; pectoral fin 21-23; tail fin not joined to dorsal and anal fins; body covered with small overlapping scales; head scales only on cheeks, but not above or below the opercular spine; male sex organ with 2 pairs of pseudoclaspers, outer pair flaplike, inner pair small, inner clasper with a front thorn shorter than the posterior lobe of that clasper.

Preserved fish uniform dark brown.

Reaches 8.2 cm.

Lives on reefs.

Depth range: 0-9 m.

The Bahamas and Caribbean.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Live birth
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Caribbean endemic
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 8.2
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 9