Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Parophidion schmidti, Dusky cusk-eel, Dusky cusk

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

snout with bump
top of head & cheek scaled
pelvic = 2 unequal rays, under eye
scales elongate, obliquely overlapping

Parophidion schmidti (Woods & Kanazawa, 1951)

Dusky cusk, Dusky cusk-eel

Elongate, compressed; head bluntly pointed; eye large; operculum with a hidden spine; numerous pores all over head; a small bony bump on snout; a broad fleshy extension of skin above top jaw; inside of top and bottom lips minutely wrinkled; teeth small, curved, larger at rear of jaws; teeth on front and sides of roof of mouth small and blunt; opercle with sharp, partly hidden spine; gill rakers - 2 rudiments above, 4 rakers below; pelvic fin with 2 rays of nearly equal length, inserts under eye; dorsal fin ~120; anal fin ~100-120; pectoral fin 20; lateral line ends well behind anus; scales on body elongate, in basket-weave arrangement, obliquely overlapping; cheeks and top of head to between eyes scaled, those on top of head large; operculum without scales.

Dusky brown, darker above; small dark spots along base of anal fin; dorsal and anal fins without black edges.

Reaches 10 cm.

Lives in seagrass beds.

Depth range: 1-8 m.

Bermuda to the S Caribbean.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Submerged vegetation
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Data
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • All species.
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • All species..
  • Insular primarily
  • Island (s)
  • Continent
  • GC endemic
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 10
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 8