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Species: Otophidium dormitator, Sleeper cusk-eel

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snout spine - blunt point
pore over rear nostril
top of head: faint anchor-mark
opercle - short, blunt, up-pointing spine

Otophidium dormitator Böhlke & Robins, 1959

Sleeper cusk-eel

 Body relatively short, compressed, tapering to rear; head profile convex above; eye large; between eyes with thin crest under skin, leading to a stout spine with a blunt point projecting up and forwards; a large oval pore just before eye above rear nostril; an extensive groove and pore in upper lip under front nostril; front central pore between eyes is over pupil; mouth large, under slightly overhanging snout; gill rakers: 2-3 rudiments above, 4 short rakers below; opercle with sharp, partly hidden spine that is stout, directed up and back, ~equal in length to ½ pupil; dorsal and anal fins confluent with pointed tail fin; dorsal fin 111-117; anal fin 94-99; tail fin 9; pelvic fin with 2 unequal rays, inserted under eye; lateral line incomplete; scales small, elongated, arranged in basketweave pattern, none on head.

 Body pale; only a faint anchor shaped dark mark on top of head just behind eyes; fins clear; mouth and gill chambers pale; no scattered dark dots on tail.

 Reaches 7.5 cm

 Lives in sand + turtlegrass bottoms, sometimes near reefs.

 Depth range: 0-15 m.

 The Bahamas to the northern Caribbean

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  • Marine Only
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Soft bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Submerged vegetation
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Data
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • GC endemic
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • All species
  • Island (s)
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 7.5
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 15