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Species: Neobythites elongatus, Elongate Cusk-eel, Elongate Brotula

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

plain color
D 101-105; A 86-90
preopercle 2 spines
pectoral 23-26

Neobythites elongatus Nielsen & Retzler, 1994

Elongate Cusk-eel, Elongate Brotula

Head and body compressed, tapering strongly at rear; head large (at least half of length before anal fin); snout blunt; eye large (>snout length); mouth large (extends behind eye), slightly oblique, at front; teeth small, simple on front (a V shaped patch) and sides of roof of mouth, two tooth patches on base of gill arches behind tongue, front patch long & narrow, rear patch small & circular; long gill rakers 3-6+10; upper rear of operculum with one strong, straight, round spine; preoperculum with 2 sharp spines at its lower angle; dorsal fin origin slightly behind pectoral base, 101-105 rays; anal fin 86-90 rays; pectorals 23-26; pelvics close together and inserted under preoperculum, each fin consisting of a pair of rays that are united by a membrane near their bases, fins short, 12-14% SL, end well before anal fin; tail fin joined to dorsal and anal fins but extends well behind them; lateral line incomplete (restricted to front 85% of body and tail); head and body entirely covered with smooth scales, 7 scale rows between lateral line and dorsal fin.

Upper body marbled brown, lower part pale; body and fins without stripes or ocelli.

Reaches 14.5 cm.

Lives on and adjacent to soft bottoms.

Depth range: 229-1272 m

SE Florida to the southern Caribbean.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Offshore
  • Offshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Near Bottom
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Water column
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • GC endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 14.5
Depth Range Min
  • 229
Depth Range Max
  • 1272