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Species: Merluccius albidus, Offshore silver hake

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

head 27-32% SL
D2 35-39
gill rakers 8-11, short & blunt

Merluccius albidus (Mitchill, 1818)

Offshore silver hake

Body elongate, compressed, tapering to a narrow tail base; head large (27-32% of SL) and flattened, with a V shape crest on top; large eyes and mouth, lower jaw slightly projecting; jaw teeth long, strong and pointed, in 2 irregular rows; teeth on center but not sides of roof of mouth; 8-11 short, thick, blunt-tipped gill rakers; 2 separate dorsal fins, the 1st shorter and triangular, the 2nd with a long base (35-39 rays)and partly divided by a notch; anal fin similar to 2nd dorsal fin, 35-41 rays; well developed, non filamentous pelvic fins, 7 rays, situated under rear edge of operculum; tail fin short, slightly forked; scales small; 104-119 scales on the lateral line.

Color grey-brown above, remainder silvery white.

Size: 70 cm.

Habitat: on and nocturnally pelagic above soft bottoms.

Depth: 60-1170 m.

Maine to southern Brazil.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Brackish
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Near Bottom
  • Mid Water
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
Habitat
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Mud
  • Water column
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Planktivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Zooplankton
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Bony fishes
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • Continental primarily
  • Also in Brazil
  • All species
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Extends North of GC
  • Continent
  • Extends South of GC
  • Island (s)
  • Continent + Island (s)
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
CITES
  • Not listed
Depth Range Min
  • 60
Depth Range Max
  • 1170
Length Max
  • 70