Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Urophycis regia, Spotted Hake, Spotted Codling

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

cheek - dark spots
LL dark line + pale spots
D1 black+ white edge
D2 dark spots
3 upper gill rakers
LL to D: 9-12 scales

Urophycis regia (Walbaum, 1792)

Spotted Hake, Spotted Codling

Body soft, elongate, tail base narrow to deep; no V shaped ridge on top of head; eye small, about 1/5 of head length; gill openings wide, extending above pectoral fins; mouth large, extends to under center of eye or further back, overhung by snout; chin barbel short; well developed patch of teeth on front of roof of mouth; 3 upper gill rakers; fins without spines; 2 dorsal fins, 1st short based and triangular, 8-9 rays, without an elongated ray; second long based, with straight edge, 46-51 rays; 1 anal fin, long based, without an indentation on edge, 43-49 rays; pelvic fins under end of opercle, bases well separated, with 2 rays forming long feelers, longest ray reaching to or slightly beyond origin of anal fin; tail fin separate from dorsal and anal fins, small, rounded; pectoral fin not reaching beyond anal fin origin; lateral line system on head with pore; scales round, overlapping, not set at right angles, ~93 along lateral line; 9-12 rows between dorsal fin origin and lateral line; lateral line complete.

Brownish, belly whitish; a dark blotch on operculum; lateral line dark, with a series of pale spots; a series of dark spots on cheek; upper half of 1st dorsal fin black, with white margin; 2nd dorsal with irregular dark spots.

Reaches 35 cm.

On and above the bottom; juveniles in estuaries.

Depth range: 5-538 m; mostly between 110-185 m.

Cape Cod to the Gulf of Mexico.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Near Bottom
  • Rocks
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Corals
  • Estuary
  • Mud
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef and soft bottom
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Extends North of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 35
Depth Range Min
  • 5
Depth Range Max
  • 538