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Species: Urophycis earllii, Carolina Hake

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dark brown + pale mottling
2 upper gill rakers
LL to D 18-21 scales

Urophycis earllii (Bean, 1880)

Carolina hake

Body soft, elongate; tail base narrow; no V shaped ridge on top of head; eye small, about 1/5 of head length; gill openings wide, extending above pectoral fins; mouth large, extends to under center of eye or further back, overhung by snout; chin barbel short; well developed patch of teeth on front of roof of mouth; 2 upper gill rakers; fins without spines; 2 dorsal fins, 1st short based and triangular, 10 rays, without an elongated ray; second long based, with straight edge, 60-63 rays; 1 anal fin, long based, without an indentation on edge, 50-56 rays; pelvic fins under end of opercle, bases well separated, with 2 rays forming long feelers, longest ray not reaching origin of anal fin; tail fin separate from dorsal and anal fins, small, rounded; pectoral fin not reaching beyond anal fin origin; lateral line system on head with pores; scales round, overlapping, not set at right angles, ~93 along lateral line, 18-21 rows between dorsal fin origin and lateral line; lateral line complete.

Dark brownish, pale mottling on sides.

Reaches 45 cm.

On and above hard bottoms.

Depth range: 5-81 m.

N Carolina to the Gulf of Mexico.

Note: The Gulf of Mexico population apparently is an unnamed separate species.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Near Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Mud
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Rocks
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Planktivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Bony fishes
  • Zooplankton
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • Data
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • GC endemic
  • Extends North of GC
  • Continent only
  • Continent
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 45
Depth Range Min
  • 5
Depth Range Max
  • 81