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Species: Urophycis cirrata, Gulf Hake

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head and D1 uniform color
3 upper gill rakers
LL to D: 6-9 scales

Urophycis cirrata (Goode & Bean, 1896)

Gulf Hake

Body soft, elongate; tail base narrow; no V shaped ridge on top of head; eye small, about 1/5 of head length; gill openings wide, extending above pectoral fins; mouth large, extends to under center of eye or further back, overhung by snout; chin barbel short; well developed patch of teeth on front of roof of mouth; 3 (rarely 2) upper gill rakers; fins without spines; 2 dorsal fins, 1st short based and triangular, 9-10 rays, the first ray not elongated, second dorsal long based, with straight edge, 66 rays; 1 anal fin, long based, without an indentation on edge, 57 rays; pelvic fins under end of opercle, bases well separated, with 2 rays forming long feelers that don't reach past the center of the anal fin; tail fin separate from dorsal and anal fins, well developed, rounded; pectoral fin not reaching beyond anal fin origin; lateral line system on head with pores; scales round, overlapping, not set at right angles, ~93 along lateral line, 6-9 between dorsal fin origin and lateral line; lateral line complete.

Brownish, belly white; a diffuse blotch on operculum; no dark spots on head; no black blotch or white margin on 1st dorsal fin.

Reaches 66 cm.

On and above mud bottoms.

Depth range: 27-1104 m, usually 360-470 m.

E Florida and the Gulf of Mexico; Venezuela.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Mid Water
  • Near Bottom
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Water column
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • GC endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 66
Depth Range Min
  • 27
Depth Range Max
  • 1104