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Species: Laemonema barbatulum, Shortbeard codling, Smallscale mora

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

snout round
2 Ds
tail strongly tapering
C small, round
+ chin barbel
pelvics under end opercle, bases separated, each 2 rays
A: 1, long base
belly - NO black pits

Laemonema barbatulum Goode & Bean, 1883

Shortbeard codling, Smallscale mora

Body tapering to a very narrow tail base; no V shaped ridge on top of head; snout rounded; eye large, ~1/4-1/3 of head length; gill openings wide, extending above pectoral fins; mouth large, extends to under center of eye or further back, overhung by snout; a short barbel under chin; few on no teeth on front of roof of mouth; fins usually without spines; 2 dorsal fins, 1st short based and triangular, with elongate front spine, second long based, total rays 6-7 + 57-63; 1 long based anal fin that is not greatly indented, 54-63 rays; pectoral fin 19-23; pelvic fins under end of opercle, bases well separated, 2 elongate rays that don't reach anus + 2-3 short rays under skin; tail fin separate from dorsal and anal fins, small, rounded, symmetrical; scales round, overlapping, not set at right angles; lateral line complete.

Brownish; outer edges of second dorsal, tail and anal fins black; 1st dorsal with an elongate black spine at front; no triangular black blotches on 2nd dorsal and anal fins; no black pits on belly.

Reaches 40 cm.

On and above the bottom of the continental slope.

Depth range: 50-1620 m, usually at 300-400 m.

The tropical and temperate Atlantic; Nova Scotia to N Brazil.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Near Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Planktivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • Transatlantic (East+West Atlantic)
Regional Endemism
  • Extends North of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Extends South of GC
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent only
  • Continent
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 40
Depth Range Min
  • 50
Depth Range Max
  • 1620