Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Synodus synodus, Red lizardfish, Redbarred lizardfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

snout tip - black spot
back - 8-10 dark bars join dark diamonds on flank
pectoral well past pelvic base
A 8-10, base < D1 base
LL 55-64
15-18 nape scales before D
4-6 rows scales - LL to D

Synodus synodus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Redbarred lizardfish, Red lizardfish

Body relatively robust; snout rounded and blunt; mouth large, extending well past eye; no fleshy knob on tip of chin; many rows of fine pointed teeth on jaws, tongue and (in 1 band) on side of roof of mouth; fins without spines; one dorsal fin in mid-body, with a small skin-flap fin behind it above anal fin; anal 12-14 rays, base of anal short, < base of dorsal fin; pelvics on abdomen behind pectoral base, 8 rays, inner rays distinctly longer than outer rays; tip of pectoral fin extends well past base of pelvic fin; 7 scale rows between lateral line and base of dorsal fin; 15-18 scales before dorsal fin on nape; 54-64 lateral line scales; 4-6 rows of scales between lateral line and dorsal fin origin; bases of short rays at top and bottom of tail fin completely scaleless.

Reddish to brown; 8-10  dark bars on back that extend down below midside where they join a row of dark diamonds; a small black spot at tip of snout.

Size: 33 cm.

Habitat: demersal on mud or sand bottoms.   

Depth: 1-295 m.

Bermuda to Uruguay; also in the E Atlantic.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Sand & gravel
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Mud
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Data
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • All species.
  • Transatlantic (East+West Atlantic)
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • All species..
  • Continent
  • Extends South of GC
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
  • Not listed
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 295
Length Max
  • 33