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Species: Parasudis truculenta, Longnose greeneye

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snout flattened, long, (> eye)
palatine teeth: strong, in broad bands
vomer: 1 pr large fangs
anus 8-10 scales behind pelvic base

Parasudis truculenta  (Goode & Bean, 1895)

Longnose greeneye

Body slender, compressed; head ~30% of SL, top profile ~straight; snout depressed, like a spatula, longer than wide, long (> eye length, length before eye 12.5-13.6% SL); eye large, length 8.9-10.5% SL, pupil teardrop shaped & with a pointed space before it; lower jaw protruding, with a knob on the chin; top jaw bone slightly expanded at rear, reaches just behind front of eye, with a single small extra bone above the expanded part; no teeth on tongue; some teeth at tip of lower jaws directed forwards; center of roof of mouth with a pair of large fangs;  teeth on sides of roof of mouth strong, curved, depressible, larger than those on jaws, in a broad band on each side; lower gill rakers 10-14; fins without spines; dorsal fin in front 1/3 of body, its origin before pelvic fin origin; with more rays than anal fin (10 vs 9); a small skin-flap (adipose) 2nd dorsal fin at rear of body over center of anal fin; pectorals on midflank, inserted before origins of dorsal and anal fins, 15-16; anus nearer pelvic fins than anal fin, separated by 8-10 scales from base of pelvic fins; lateral line complete; scales smooth; 78-85 lateral scales.

Pale grey; eye green; dark around mouth; 4 dark saddles on back: 1 before dorsal fin, 2 behind, 1 on end of caudal peduncle; tip of dorsal and rear edge of tail fin broadly black.

Reaches ~25 cm

Lives on soft bottoms

Depth range 133- 1170 m

Tropical west Atlantic, Massachusetts to Brazil.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Offshore
  • Offshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
Habitat
  • Mud
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Island (s)
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 25
Depth Range Min
  • 133
Depth Range Max
  • 1170