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Species: Glossanodon pygmaeus, Pygmy Argentine

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

top jaws meet at front
tongue - teeth front only
roof mouth - center & side teeth separate
gill rakers: 21-23, thin, long



Glossanodon pygmaeus Cohen, 1958

Pygmy Argentine

Elongate, slender, a little compressed; large eyes; mouth small, at front; top jaw toothless, lower jaw without teeth in adults; main bones of top jaw meet in front of a narrow bone on top front of snout; teeth in separate bands on center and sides of roof of mouth; tongue with 2-6 teeth along front edge; gill rakers long and thin, 21-23 lower rakers; fins without spines; 1 dorsal fin plus a small adipose fin at rear, over anal; pectorals low on sides, 12-14; pelvics on mid-belly; anal fin at rear; tail strongly forked; distance from anus to anal fin origin equal to or greater than depth of tail base; scales smooth, easily detached, 43-46 on lateral line.

Pale grey; a silvery stripe from top corner of operculum to tail base; back with a series of dark saddles.

Reaches 12.8 cm.

Lives over muddy and sand bottoms.

Depth range: 92-460 m.

S Carolina to Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Mid Water
  • Near Bottom
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathypelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 12.8
Depth Range Min
  • 92
Depth Range Max
  • 460