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Species: Sciades passany, Passany Sea Catfish

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snout short, not overhanging
bone behind head shield- broad base, tapering, keeled
plate before D - small saddle
transverse skin flap between nostrils
roof mouth: 2 pr tooth patches, fused in narrow cross band
gill rakers- 19-21

Sciades passany (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1840)

Passany Sea Catfish

Head rounded, only slightly flattened; snout short, not overhanging mouth, distinctly square when viewed from above; bony head shield very rough, granular, extends forward to between eyes; bony process between head shield and pre-dorsal plate rough, broad at base, tapering to rear, slightly keeled above; bony plate at front of base of dorsal fin small, saddle shaped; a large transverse skin fold between rear nostrils; three pairs of barbels (on both jaws and chin), top barbels with very thick bases; roof of mouth with two pairs of patches of conical teeth, front pair fused centrally and continuous with rear pair, the entire set in a narrow, irregular transverse band; gill opening wide, membranes not adhering to breast; gill rakers on 1st arch 19-21, no tiny rakers on rear of 1st 2 gill arches; pectoral soft rays 11-12; tail fin deeply forked; a complete lateral line, with branches to top and bottom base of tail fin, no scales.

Grey to brown to blackish above, whitish below.

Reaches 100 cm.

Estuaries and coastal waters.

Depth range: 1-20 m?

Gulf of Paria, Venezuela, to Brazil.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Estuary
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Insects
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Brooded
  • Data
  • No pelagic larva
  • No pelagic phase
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Data deficient
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 100
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 20