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Species: Lycengraulis grossidens, Atlantic sabretooth-anchovy

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

lower jaw: large canines
top jaw reaches edge operculum
gill rakers 16-26 lower, 30-36 total
pelvic inserts nearer A than to pectoral base

Lycengraulis grossidens (Agassiz, 1829)

Atlantic sabretooth-anchovy

Fusiform, elongate, body depth 23-24.5% of SL; snout prominent, conical, projecting, bluntly rounded, short (~2/3 eye); eye far forward; rear of the mouth extends well behind the eye; lower jaw suspended below head; upper jaw long, reaching edge of operculum, its tip sharply pointed; both jaws with large, well spaced teeth, those on lower jaw larger; lower jaw with large, widely spaced canine teeth; lower gill rakers 16-26 (total rakers 30-36); anal fin with long base, 26-28 branched rays, its origin under midpoint of dorsal fin base; pelvics usually inserted nearer anal fin origin than pectoral fin base.

Blue-grey on back, silvery on side; a short arc of black dots on upper gill cover; fins clear.

Size: to 26 cm.

Shallow coastal waters over muddy bottoms; estuaries, lagoons, enters freshwater.  

Depth: 0-40 m?

Jamaica to Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Brackish
  • Freshwater
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Near Surface
  • Mid Water
  • Surface
  • Water column only
  • Estuary
  • Water column
  • Freshwater
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Insects
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • Data
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • GC non-endemic
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Extends South of GC
  • Also in Brazil
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
  • Not listed
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 40
Length Max
  • 26